All posts by Editor Vanguard

Students Learn to Make Money

High school students learn how to run a business, create a product, figure out a demand schedule and sell their product to make a profit. Students are able to keep the profits they earn or absorb the losses they create. It is said, no high school in America teaches students to do this very thing. This has been happening for the past 8 years and 7 at Forrest Bird Charter School in Sandpoint, Idaho.

Top Places to Visit in Boise… Story by Eliza Lister

On your next trip to Boise, be sure to add these to your itinerary!

  1. Capital Building

-The Capital building with its marble floors and the stone staircase is a marvelous site to see. Used as the back drop for many engagement, wedding, and senior photos, the architecture of this iconic building is also the backdrop for several political rallies and movement of the state political scene.

  1. Downtown
Birds eye view... Boise’s best angle is from the sky. Photo by Eliza Litster
Birds eye view… Boise’s best angle is from the sky. Photo by Eliza Litster

-Newly remodeled Boise Downtown area, loving renamed BoDo for short, houses shops and restaurants all in walking distance. You should also visit the 8th Street Market Place, Saturday’s farmers market, and the zoo.

 

  1. BSU Football & Steelheads Hockey

-For those sports enthusiasts, you’ve never seen team pride until you’ve experienced a Boise State home game, with blue turf and painted faces, it’ll be a game to remember. If football isn’t your thing, then you can always watch a brawl on ice by attending an Idaho Steelheads hockey game.

  1. Outdoors

-Outdoor enthusiasts will love the White Water Park, greenbelt, Table Rock, hiking trails in the foothills, Bogus Basin, white water rafting, and floating the Boise River. There are also many parks.

  1. Ghost towns

    Downtown!...Quick look at a street Downtown. Photo by Eliza Litster
    Downtown!… Newly remodeled, you can find many attractions in downtown Boise. Photo by Eliza Lister

-The Wild West wouldn’t be complete without a few ghost towns. Silver City, Pearl Idaho, and Idaho City can each be a pleasant day trip from Boise and well worth the drive.

  1. Historical Sites

-Boise has a rich history, stories can be found at the Train Depot, Penitentiary, and the Historical Museum downtown.

  1. Seasonal Attractions

-No matter the season there is always something going on in the area. Shakespeare in the park, Boise Shakespeare festival, hot air balloon rides, and the State Fair all happen in the summer. The cherry festival in Emmett happens early spring. The Ice festival in McCall and the Festival of Trees downtown all happen during the winter.

New Stadium in Town… Story by Vaughn Kinman

With as popular as the stadium was during the festival at Sandpoint, the new bleachers were competing with the musicians themselves for the attention of the people. When asked in a survey, around 58% people said it was a good idea, mainly because of the safety hazards that the old ones provided. “I thought it was time for something new, glad that ended up that way” one person added.

A New Vision... Barlow stadium as envisioned in 2015. Photo By: LPOSD
A New Vision… Barlow stadium as envisioned in 2015, before the renovation. Photo By: LPOSD

However, the new stands weren’t favored by some, around 25% of surveyed people answered no. most of the surveyees said that it was because of the nostalgia that went hand and hand with the old bleachers.  They are planning on replacing the grass with something, whether it be real grass or AstroTurf is undecided. If they do plan on replacing the grass, then it is estimated that it will be done around 2018. It will also include a new gate system that covers the new entrance. The new way the entrance is designed will change the way the gates work.

However, voters may need to ask themselves if the city is moving beyond the original measure proposed to them to remodel the Memorial Field bleachers. The bleachers are being paid for by an extra 1% sales tax which is being charged at grocery stores and farmers’ market. This tax was approved in late 2015, and plans to run its course by 2020. It had been planned to generate another $2.7 million for the town in order to fund the project over the 5 years it should be in effect.

Under Construction... The new stadium was being built all through the past winter. Photo By: SHS Athletics
Under Construction… The new stadium was being built all through the past winter. Photo By: SHS Athletics

It’s also worth remembering that residents did vote for this tax overwhelmingly, at 73% approving.

Recently, the locker rooms underneath the stadium have been unveiled. This will likely be warmed received by Sandpoint High School teams who use the stadium, including the baseball, soccer, and football groups. It has also hosted graduations, ceremonies, and festivals that drive in tourism and as a result improve the economy. It’s also worth remembering that the program was initiated by failure to meet safety codes for the bleachers, and so was a necessity to keep the stadium running.

Let it Snow in Sandpoint… Story by Catherine Ross

Sandpoint, Idaho is a popular destination during the summer, but it’s also very popular in the winter, due to the heavy amounts of snowfall and the exciting activities that one can do. Snow is normally in abundance anywhere from mid-December to February, and sometimes it stretches out beyond that. There are many winter activities that Sandpoint has to offer, meaning a winter break has all sorts of possibilities to be exciting.

Western Pleasure Guest Ranch is becoming increasingly popular due to the fact they offer not only cabins to stay in alongside log lodge rooming, but also horse drawn sleigh rides. Snowshoeing or cross-country skiing are available, taking you on a course through the foothills of the Cabinet Mountain Range, giving one irreplaceable memories.

Schweitzer Mountain is the most popular destination in Sandpoint during the winter months due to the 92 trails it has to offer. Photo By: https://www.skiidaho.us/resorts/schweitzer
At the Winter Carnival, the keg pull race is a popular event, as various dogs will compete to be the first to cross the finish line. Photo By: sandpointwintercarnival.com

The Selkirk Powder Company, offers snowmobile tours throughout the back country of Schweitzer Mountain which is actually in the Selkirk Mountain Range.

There are two options for the tours, one being the half day tour, the other being a full day tour which will take you to the other side of the mountain range, all the way into Priest River.

There are a few unique ways to explore the winter landscape of Sandpoint, one of these ways being Flatbiking. What exactly is a Flatbike? This is a bike that was specifically designed with oversized tires so that it can be used off-road and in the snow. The best place for this is Schweitzer Mountain, as there various trails that you can access even during the winter. Not only that, but there are also 92 skiing trails and 9 lifts that make it possible to explore the majority of the mountain.

Schweitzer Mountain is the most popular destination in Sandpoint during the winter months due to the 92 trails it has to offer. Photo By: https://www.skiidaho.us

There are also other options if you are not up for exploring the mountain, such as snow tubing, and looking through the various establishments that the village has to offer. There’s also housing options up on the mountain, such as a hotel, but also cabins. Schweitzer Mountain has a lot of fun activities to offer, making it the most popular place to visit in Sandpoint during the winter season.

However, the must see event that happens every year, is the Sandpoint Winter Carnival. This has been going on for 43 years, taking place in the Panhandle of Idaho, with plenty of different things for one to view or participate in. During the day, there are outdoor activities that you can watch, such as the Keg Pull. During the night, fireworks are displayed, and live music is played at various restaurants. This year the 2018 festival will be held on February 16th through the 25th, and people are already counting down the days for winter activities as Sandpoint had its first snowfall on November 11th. So what do you plan on doing this winter?

 

Larsons Department Store… Story by Lydia Martin

Larson’s, a 3 chain department store here in North Idaho, has been around since the 1940s. There are 3 store locations, one in downtown Sandpoint, one in downtown Bonners Ferry and one in downtown Grangeville. The store located in Sandpoint is generally acknowledged as the oldest business in Sandpoint.

Halloween at Larsons… Larsons now manager infront of the Larsons Sandpoint store during Halloween. Photo By: Kai Eagley
Halloween at Larsons… Larsons now manager in front of the Larsons Sandpoint store during Halloween. Photo By: Kai Eagley

Larsons, whose current owner is Dick Larson, started as a partnership store with Jennestad’s store in 1908, located just down the street from the current Larson’s store. Then Dick’s father Lloyd and his uncle Thor bought the J.A Foster & Co. store in 1940, and started their first store.

In 1964, Lloyd then bought out Thor’s share of the store and replaced him with his son Dick. Dick has been working there ever since. In 1970 the Larsons bought the building on First Ave from Jim and Page Parsons. Then in 1978 Lloyd Larson retired and Dick took over as general manager of the store.

In 2000 Dick Larson and his wife Linda bought the old J.C Penny’s store in Bonners Ferry next to the Post Office. After remodeling, they opened the Bonner’s store. In 2010 Dick and Linda purchased the old Miller hardware store in downtown Grangeville, from John and Annelle Urbahn. After another remodeling they opened the third store in October of 2010.

Entrenched Legacy... Larsons Clothing Store is one of the oldest buisnesses in Sandpoint. Photo By: Kai Eagley
Entrenched Legacy… Larsons Clothing Store is one of the oldest buisnesses in Sandpoint. Photo By: Kai Eagley

Currently Larson’s store is doing well, but as with many small clothing stores, its biggest competition is Online shopping, as said by the current manager Lindsey Larson.  Online shopping is a major industry and sometimes it’s a hindrance to small businesses. They have about 10-12 employees in Sandpoint and in all three stores combined about 22-24 employees.

If you’re looking for a job, Larsons loves High school students who come and work for them. Anyone who’s out going, loves clothes and knows how to run a computer.  If you are interested in going to Larsons, make sure to check out one of their three stores.

Holiday Bazaar at FBCS… Story by Aurora Reishus

Date: November 11, 2017

Time: 10:00 am – 2:00 pm

Location: Forrest Bird Charter School, High School Building

The Holiday Bazaar, or Economics Craft Fair, was created by Mark Webber, the Economics teacher at Forrest Bird Charter School. Mr. Webber came up with the idea of a craft fair for his Economics class back when he taught at the Mitchell School in Oregon (2008-2010). He reintroduced the idea when he started teaching the Economics class at FBCS seven years ago. For the first three years of the Craft Fair, Mr. Webber was in charge of the event; four years ago the local Sandpoint Farmers’ Market joined the Holiday Bazaar as well.

Products at the fair…A photo showing some of the products that will be at the Bazaar this year. Photo by: Kai Eagley
Products at the fair…A photo showing some of the products that will be at the Bazaar this year. Photo by: Kai Eagley

At the Holiday Bazaar, one will be sure to see a large variety of goods for sale.  Some of the products available this year at the Holiday Bazaar will be: baked goods, musical CD’s, wooden crafts, art, musical instruments, cards, as well as many other goods including home decor products. To find out about all the other products that will be available at this year’s Holiday Bazaar on the 11th of November come to the craft fair at Forrest Bird Charter School.

Screen Shot 2017-11-02 at 3.18.17 PM

 

Directions:

The location of the Forrest Bird Charter School is 614 S Madison Ave, Sandpoint, ID. To get to the school from the North by Walmart in Ponderay, ID, first head onto Kootenai Cutoff Road and turn left (south) down US-95 S until about a mile and turn onto the Sandpoint exit on the right. At the stop sign turn right to head into the town of Sandpoint. Once in Sandpoint you’ll go through three traffic lights. After the third light you’ll turn west (right) onto Highway 2. Then you’ll see the traffic light on Boyer; go through it and then turn left at the next traffic light onto Division, Once on Division you’ll turn at the green sign that says, “Sandpoint Charter School”.

What street?...A MapQuest image of the school to help you find your way. Photo by: MapQuest

If coming from 210 E Superior Street, turn right (west) onto First Avenue, then take a left onto Lake Street (near Panhandler Pies). After going through a few stop signs turn left onto Euclid and then continue until the T-intersection where you’ll turn right onto Ontario. Stay on Ontario until you turn left onto Division where you’ll head down the road with the green “Sandpoint Charter School” sign. Once at the Charter School location, the high school will be the bigger building on the right.

 

 

Independence Movements in China… Story by Alex Chow

“This world will separate after long time united and vice versa.” This is a famous quote from the Records of the Three Kingdoms—a manuscript from a period in China’s history in around 280 B.C.E. It is an undoubtful truth since various parts of the world, including China, have separated and unified along history. Tibet, Uighur and Mongolia used to be foreign enemies of ancient China, until finally they were conquered after long years of wars. With 56 ethnic groups and over 200 dialects, diversity enriches the Chinese culture, yet it also means a heavy burden to unify the whole country.

When it comes to independence movements, there are many different aspects depending on the culture. Many of the messages contrast with the government’s policy towards “inalienable parts of the country’’.

Most of the people in Hong Kong are Hans—they shared much of their same history with mainland China, yet a seed of western culture germinated. Hong Kong was the colony of the British Empire from 1842 until recently in 1997.

Independent Hong Kong?... Many protesters desire ideas such as democracy and free elections
Independent Hong Kong?… Many protesters desire ideas such as democracy and free elections. Photo By: themalaymail

Notions of democracy, capitalism, and freedom became deeply rooted in the city. However, these ideals are often suppressed under the dictatorship of China. While Hong Kong has ten political parties, there is but a one-party system in the mainland China. The conflicts between Hong Kong and China are inevitable due to these contradicting beliefs.

Much of the desire for independence is because China keeps taking benefits from Hong Kong. For example, around a hundred billion HK$ was spend to build a high-speed railway from Hong Kong to China, a project that mainly benefits mainland China.

An attempt to seek democracy  triggered a wave of independent movements, advocated not only by street protesters, but also by legislative councilors. However, many of the councilors were suppressed by the government, either being unfairly removed or even thrown in jail. As a result, the independent movements lost momentum but were not eradicated.

Some claim that Hong Kong can never become independent because of it’s dependence on the mainland. This is only partially true—China will never say yes to the independence of Hong Kong because of the dignity of being a superpower and the financial role of Hong Kong. Hong Kong would also not be admitted to the United Nations since China is one of the five permanent members who can veto admission. China’s global influence means that Hong Kong would inevitably be isolated, should it desire independence.

Autonomous Regions... China has borderlands with independent cultures. Photo by: Wikipedia
Autonomous Regions… China has borderlands with independent cultures. Photo by: Wikipedia

On the other side of China, Tibet was an independent kingdom for centuries before the Mongol conquest. Afterwards, it fell largely under Chinese influence. It achieved autonomy during the chaos in the Chinese Civil War, before the communist forces took over the mainland. In 1950, the PRC invaded Tibet and defeated the Tibetan forces decisively in the Battle of Chamdo.

After the annexation of Tibet, quality of life was greatly improved in the region, though at the price of tightened control from China. It underwent sinification, a process whereby non-Chinese society come under the influence of Chinese culture, particularly Han Chinese norms. Land collectivization led to famines and riots, all suppressed by violence As a result, the Tibetan political leader Dalai Lama fled to India to establish Tibetan Government in Exile. Meanwhile, Tibet is still under the control of China.

Tibetan as an ethnic minority, they have their unique culture and language. Hence, it makes sense for them to possess some autonomy under the government. Nevertheless, China is not going to agree with the pursuit of the independence as others ethnic minorities may follow this example. China will lose to natural access to numerous natural resources in these areas, as well as Tibet’s strategic importance as a buffer region.

The independence movements are likely to go into a dead end since at no point will China gives up these regions to weaken the strength of the country. Catalonia is a good example of the failure of independent movements, an announcement of independence is nothing but a delusion without international support. Still, it is only a pause but not an end as long as it could be a leverage for asking higher autonomy.

Winter is Coming… Story by Catherine Ross

Winters in Northern Idaho aren’t something to make light of, especially not in Sandpoint. The average amount of snowfall in Sandpoint, Idaho is 57.7 inches. That’s almost five feet of snow. However recently our winters have been filled with less snow, but rather lower temperatures and even more rain than snow. The winter of 2017-2018 is predicted to have lower temperature and wetter weather, as stated by EarthSky. The reason for this is because of La Niña, which is a phase of El Niño and brings in cooler than average sea surface temperatures in the central and eastern tropical pacific ocean.

Due to the fact La Niña is supposed to hit Northern Idaho this year, it’s causing some concern. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is worried about La Niña, due to it being the “biggest wildcard” for this year’s winter. NOAA also pointed out that fact that La Niña has a 55% to 56% of developing before our winter even officially begins. Which means everyone should prepare for what this weather will bring.

1940 Winter... Sandpoint has been getting heavy snow for decades. Photo By: sandpoint.com
1940 Winter… Sandpoint has been getting heavy snow for decades. Photo By: sandpoint.com

In Northern Idaho, power outages aren’t an uncommon appearance, so being prepared for a possible storm is a must. However, these power outages can last much longer than a couple of days, which is why North Idaho residences should be prepared for a maximum of three weeks without power. Below will be a list of supplies you and your family will need for staying home during a winter storm, and tips on to be the most comfortable when doing so.

Food and water are essential, meaning they should be the first things for you to think about. You need to rationally ask yourself ‘could I survive three weeks off of this?’ and if you say no, then you should go shopping. Water is very important, not only for drinking but also for cleaning dishes and flushing your toilet. The average amount of water used is 80 to 100 gallons of water per day. So if you rule out showering, the amount of gallons used drop considerably, but you still need enough water to last you and your family for a maximum of three weeks and prevent dehydration.

This means you should fill up a minimum of two six gallon jugs of water, four clean, five gallon buckets, which will be used for flushing your toilet. The current environmentally friendly toilets will take about one gallon in order to flush. If you find yourself running out of water, see how much water your hot water tank has and drain it out using a garden hose. Taking care of your food is very important as it has to last you just like water. Transferring any refrigerated or frozen foods into a large cooler and placing them in an easily accessible place out in the snow is ideal to keep your food fresh.

Warm Interior... A Kerosene Heater such as this can warm up your house during the winter. Photo By: Space Heater Reviews
Warm Interior… A Kerosene Heater such as this can warm up your house during the winter. Photo By: Space Heater Reviews

Camping gear is extremely useful in these situations. Purchasing things such as lanterns and propane cooking stove will make life much more comfortable for you. If you do invest in a propane cooking stove or a table top gas grill, make sure they aren’t electric, you will need around half a dozen (6) propane bottles in order to last you throughout the period of the power outage. However you must make sure that there is ventilation in the room that you are using these stoves in or else the risk of carbon monoxide poisoning increases tenfold. Opening a window slightly will create enough ventilation for you though.

For heating, make sure that the first thing you do is close off any unneeded rooms, in order to conserve heat. Stuff any towels or rags into cracks underneath doors to keep as much heat inside of the home as you can. Hanging black curtains on windows can also help as black absorbs the heat from the sun. Using a wood stove or fireplace are some of the most effective ways to heat your home. However a kerosene heater is another option, just make sure that it isn’t electric. Having warm and soft blankets are important as well for a comfortable night, but down sleeping bags can also be used.

However the most expensive thing you should definitely consider purchasing is a generator. Now, you will have to ask yourself if you do in fact need one and if you do, then you will need to plan on not using the generator too often. This is so that you will only be using non-ethanol gas and a fuel stabilizer, which makes it much easier for the generator to start. Make sure that you choose a generator that fits you the best, both in terms of needs and price. There are more expensive types, such as Honda generators which are quiet, making it more comfortable to be around. However, there are so many types, so it’s best that you go and see which one will suit you and your situation the best. Being comfortable and safe in your own home is one of the most important things after all.

So, will you be prepared for this winter?

 

100th Anniversary of the October Revolution… Story by Isaac Solly

This coming November will mark the 100th anniversary of the “Bolshevik” or “October” Revolution in Russia—a revolution that would spawn the first communist state and spark a bloody civil war that would last five years. The implications of this event cannot be overstated, as the new Soviet Union would be pivotal in defining the 20th century through events such as WW2 and the Cold War. However, what is the history behind this event, how is Russia responding, and why is the October Revolution in November?

The difference in dates comes from the two different calendars in use at the time—Russia used the Julian calendar, while the rest of Europe used the Gregorian one. While the Gregorian calendar is more specific regarding the exact amount of days per year, the Julian one rounds up to 365.25. This led to the Russian calendar being thirteen days “behind,” as over the centuries since most of Europe adopted the Gregorian calendar. As such, when the revolution was seen as during November 7th, in Russia it seemed to only be October 25th.

After the Uprising… Lenin speaks to his supporters after seizing Petrograd and ousting the provisional government. Photo by: This Day Then
After the Uprising… Lenin speaks to his supporters after seizing Petrograd and ousting the provisional government. Photo by: This Day Then

For most historians, though, the difference in dates is much less interesting (and crucial to understand) than the actual events that led to this revolution. Vladimir Lenin had been exiled from Russia for years leading up to the revolution, but under German watch, he was shipped back to Russia to ferment revolution. At the time, WW1 was raging, and the Russian Empire under Tsar Nicholas II was losing ground to the German armies. In March, the “February Revolution” ousted the Tsar and put in a provisional government.

This provisional government based in Petrograd, later to be renamed Leningrad and finally St. Petersburg, had been put in power based on the protests of workers starving from the war. However, they made the mistake of keeping Russia in the war, and continuing the workers and peasant’s anger. Throughout July, there were massive strikes and protests, numbering half a million men and women. Lenin was forced to go underground, but the Petrograd “Soviet” (basically a city council) supported him. On November 7th, the soviet voted for revolution and by the next day had seized the headquarters of the provisional government.

Hardly a Conclusion… After the revolution, five more years of bloodshed would follow with the Russian Civil War… Photo by: MillitaryHistoryNow
Hardly a Conclusion… After the revolution, five more years of bloodshed would follow with the Russian Civil War… Photo by: MillitaryHistoryNow

Though the Soviets now had control of Russia’s capital, the fighting was hardly over. For the next five years, until 1922 they would fight a bloody civil war against the “Whites,” a coalition of anti-Bolshevik forces. Lenin would sign a deal with the Germans, giving away large swaths of land in exchange for peace. Modern day Russia is having trouble on how to commemorate this anniversary—it cannot be connected to the brutal consequences of revolution, as up to 8 million died in the ensuing civil war. On the other hand, it does not want to represent the weak leadership of Tsar Nicholas II (as he was overthrown).

So far, the only move taken by the government under Putin have been to set up an academic council on the matter. It is unlikely any national holiday or celebrations will take place—again, the government does not want to be associated with revolutionaries and the stigma of Lenin’s leadership. Regardless of official commemorations, the events of the revolution are an important topic that deserves recognition in schools and academia. That may be the best way to approach a topic as sensitive, yet important as this anniversary.

 

Philosophy Class… Story by Lydia Martin

Philosophy, the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence. It has a huge impact on our society, and it is also a subject that tends to have mix feelings. It is also something that could be taught here at FBCS by one of our English teachers, Michael Bigley. As an English teacher, he appreciates the Philosophers that can write well, as he said, “If I were to teach a Philosophy class, I would tend to focus on the Philosophers who can write well, and write clearly, because that’s what’s exciting to me.” Some Philosophers are even some of his favorite writers.

Pictured: Plato… One of the philosophers that would be studied in the class is Plato. Photo By: Laphams Quarterly

If he was to offer a Philosophy class, the class would start with the basics of logic and critical argumentation and the reason for being. “That is the necessary basis for all philosophy. It’s not “whoa, dude, what if everything is, like, an illusion,” it’s a serious method of thinking in the same way that science is. It has a method.” as stated by Mr. Bigley.

In the class, they would read some of the works of Plato, “Plato’s fun to read, and gives you a great introduction to what philosophers actually do because it’s all written out as though it were a play,” said Mr. Bigley. The class would also be spending more time reading Philosophy and discussing what the Philosophers actually meant. After which, they would start coming up with their own philosophies.

Usually, that is not what most high schoolers are looking for when they want a Philosophy class, which is why Mr. Bigley was hesitant to teach this class in the past. He said, “I don’t want to do a fake class, and we can’t offer a class if only two or three students are going to take it.”

Bigley Philosophy…Mr. Bigley might teach Philosophy if he can get enough students interested in the class (photo by, Kai Eagley)
Bigley Philosophy…Mr. Bigley might teach Philosophy if he can get enough students interested in the class (photo by, Kai Eagley)

Some may ask “Why study philosophy?” Well, Philosophy is an interesting and important topic. Not only does it help improve thinking skills, but it also provides our minds with the knowledge of logic that makes us an overall better thinker. It can even sometimes make you a better writer.

So, if you think you might be interested in a Philosophy class, make sure to mention it to Mr. Bigley.

“It is not enough to have a good mind. The main thing is to use it well.”  – Rene Descartes