Winter is Coming… Story by Catherine Ross

Winters in Northern Idaho aren’t something to make light of, especially not in Sandpoint. The average amount of snowfall in Sandpoint, Idaho is 57.7 inches. That’s almost five feet of snow. However recently our winters have been filled with less snow, but rather lower temperatures and even more rain than snow. The winter of 2017-2018 is predicted to have lower temperature and wetter weather, as stated by EarthSky. The reason for this is because of La Niña, which is a phase of El Niño and brings in cooler than average sea surface temperatures in the central and eastern tropical pacific ocean.

Due to the fact La Niña is supposed to hit Northern Idaho this year, it’s causing some concern. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is worried about La Niña, due to it being the “biggest wildcard” for this year’s winter. NOAA also pointed out that fact that La Niña has a 55% to 56% of developing before our winter even officially begins. Which means everyone should prepare for what this weather will bring.

1940 Winter... Sandpoint has been getting heavy snow for decades. Photo By: sandpoint.com
1940 Winter… Sandpoint has been getting heavy snow for decades. Photo By: sandpoint.com

In Northern Idaho, power outages aren’t an uncommon appearance, so being prepared for a possible storm is a must. However, these power outages can last much longer than a couple of days, which is why North Idaho residences should be prepared for a maximum of three weeks without power. Below will be a list of supplies you and your family will need for staying home during a winter storm, and tips on to be the most comfortable when doing so.

Food and water are essential, meaning they should be the first things for you to think about. You need to rationally ask yourself ‘could I survive three weeks off of this?’ and if you say no, then you should go shopping. Water is very important, not only for drinking but also for cleaning dishes and flushing your toilet. The average amount of water used is 80 to 100 gallons of water per day. So if you rule out showering, the amount of gallons used drop considerably, but you still need enough water to last you and your family for a maximum of three weeks and prevent dehydration.

This means you should fill up a minimum of two six gallon jugs of water, four clean, five gallon buckets, which will be used for flushing your toilet. The current environmentally friendly toilets will take about one gallon in order to flush. If you find yourself running out of water, see how much water your hot water tank has and drain it out using a garden hose. Taking care of your food is very important as it has to last you just like water. Transferring any refrigerated or frozen foods into a large cooler and placing them in an easily accessible place out in the snow is ideal to keep your food fresh.

Warm Interior... A Kerosene Heater such as this can warm up your house during the winter. Photo By: Space Heater Reviews
Warm Interior… A Kerosene Heater such as this can warm up your house during the winter. Photo By: Space Heater Reviews

Camping gear is extremely useful in these situations. Purchasing things such as lanterns and propane cooking stove will make life much more comfortable for you. If you do invest in a propane cooking stove or a table top gas grill, make sure they aren’t electric, you will need around half a dozen (6) propane bottles in order to last you throughout the period of the power outage. However you must make sure that there is ventilation in the room that you are using these stoves in or else the risk of carbon monoxide poisoning increases tenfold. Opening a window slightly will create enough ventilation for you though.

For heating, make sure that the first thing you do is close off any unneeded rooms, in order to conserve heat. Stuff any towels or rags into cracks underneath doors to keep as much heat inside of the home as you can. Hanging black curtains on windows can also help as black absorbs the heat from the sun. Using a wood stove or fireplace are some of the most effective ways to heat your home. However a kerosene heater is another option, just make sure that it isn’t electric. Having warm and soft blankets are important as well for a comfortable night, but down sleeping bags can also be used.

However the most expensive thing you should definitely consider purchasing is a generator. Now, you will have to ask yourself if you do in fact need one and if you do, then you will need to plan on not using the generator too often. This is so that you will only be using non-ethanol gas and a fuel stabilizer, which makes it much easier for the generator to start. Make sure that you choose a generator that fits you the best, both in terms of needs and price. There are more expensive types, such as Honda generators which are quiet, making it more comfortable to be around. However, there are so many types, so it’s best that you go and see which one will suit you and your situation the best. Being comfortable and safe in your own home is one of the most important things after all.

So, will you be prepared for this winter?

 

100th Anniversary of the October Revolution… Story by Isaac Solly

This coming November will mark the 100th anniversary of the “Bolshevik” or “October” Revolution in Russia—a revolution that would spawn the first communist state and spark a bloody civil war that would last five years. The implications of this event cannot be overstated, as the new Soviet Union would be pivotal in defining the 20th century through events such as WW2 and the Cold War. However, what is the history behind this event, how is Russia responding, and why is the October Revolution in November?

The difference in dates comes from the two different calendars in use at the time—Russia used the Julian calendar, while the rest of Europe used the Gregorian one. While the Gregorian calendar is more specific regarding the exact amount of days per year, the Julian one rounds up to 365.25. This led to the Russian calendar being thirteen days “behind,” as over the centuries since most of Europe adopted the Gregorian calendar. As such, when the revolution was seen as during November 7th, in Russia it seemed to only be October 25th.

After the Uprising… Lenin speaks to his supporters after seizing Petrograd and ousting the provisional government. Photo by: This Day Then
After the Uprising… Lenin speaks to his supporters after seizing Petrograd and ousting the provisional government. Photo by: This Day Then

For most historians, though, the difference in dates is much less interesting (and crucial to understand) than the actual events that led to this revolution. Vladimir Lenin had been exiled from Russia for years leading up to the revolution, but under German watch, he was shipped back to Russia to ferment revolution. At the time, WW1 was raging, and the Russian Empire under Tsar Nicholas II was losing ground to the German armies. In March, the “February Revolution” ousted the Tsar and put in a provisional government.

This provisional government based in Petrograd, later to be renamed Leningrad and finally St. Petersburg, had been put in power based on the protests of workers starving from the war. However, they made the mistake of keeping Russia in the war, and continuing the workers and peasant’s anger. Throughout July, there were massive strikes and protests, numbering half a million men and women. Lenin was forced to go underground, but the Petrograd “Soviet” (basically a city council) supported him. On November 7th, the soviet voted for revolution and by the next day had seized the headquarters of the provisional government.

Hardly a Conclusion… After the revolution, five more years of bloodshed would follow with the Russian Civil War… Photo by: MillitaryHistoryNow
Hardly a Conclusion… After the revolution, five more years of bloodshed would follow with the Russian Civil War… Photo by: MillitaryHistoryNow

Though the Soviets now had control of Russia’s capital, the fighting was hardly over. For the next five years, until 1922 they would fight a bloody civil war against the “Whites,” a coalition of anti-Bolshevik forces. Lenin would sign a deal with the Germans, giving away large swaths of land in exchange for peace. Modern day Russia is having trouble on how to commemorate this anniversary—it cannot be connected to the brutal consequences of revolution, as up to 8 million died in the ensuing civil war. On the other hand, it does not want to represent the weak leadership of Tsar Nicholas II (as he was overthrown).

So far, the only move taken by the government under Putin have been to set up an academic council on the matter. It is unlikely any national holiday or celebrations will take place—again, the government does not want to be associated with revolutionaries and the stigma of Lenin’s leadership. Regardless of official commemorations, the events of the revolution are an important topic that deserves recognition in schools and academia. That may be the best way to approach a topic as sensitive, yet important as this anniversary.

 

Philosophy Class… Story by Lydia Martin

Philosophy, the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence. It has a huge impact on our society, and it is also a subject that tends to have mix feelings. It is also something that could be taught here at FBCS by one of our English teachers, Michael Bigley. As an English teacher, he appreciates the Philosophers that can write well, as he said, “If I were to teach a Philosophy class, I would tend to focus on the Philosophers who can write well, and write clearly, because that’s what’s exciting to me.” Some Philosophers are even some of his favorite writers.

Pictured: Plato… One of the philosophers that would be studied in the class is Plato. Photo By: Laphams Quarterly

If he was to offer a Philosophy class, the class would start with the basics of logic and critical argumentation and the reason for being. “That is the necessary basis for all philosophy. It’s not “whoa, dude, what if everything is, like, an illusion,” it’s a serious method of thinking in the same way that science is. It has a method.” as stated by Mr. Bigley.

In the class, they would read some of the works of Plato, “Plato’s fun to read, and gives you a great introduction to what philosophers actually do because it’s all written out as though it were a play,” said Mr. Bigley. The class would also be spending more time reading Philosophy and discussing what the Philosophers actually meant. After which, they would start coming up with their own philosophies.

Usually, that is not what most high schoolers are looking for when they want a Philosophy class, which is why Mr. Bigley was hesitant to teach this class in the past. He said, “I don’t want to do a fake class, and we can’t offer a class if only two or three students are going to take it.”

Bigley Philosophy…Mr. Bigley might teach Philosophy if he can get enough students interested in the class (photo by, Kai Eagley)
Bigley Philosophy…Mr. Bigley might teach Philosophy if he can get enough students interested in the class (photo by, Kai Eagley)

Some may ask “Why study philosophy?” Well, Philosophy is an interesting and important topic. Not only does it help improve thinking skills, but it also provides our minds with the knowledge of logic that makes us an overall better thinker. It can even sometimes make you a better writer.

So, if you think you might be interested in a Philosophy class, make sure to mention it to Mr. Bigley.

“It is not enough to have a good mind. The main thing is to use it well.”  – Rene Descartes

 

 

Bird Eye Challenge

Bird Eye News has started an “eye challenge,” where we took photos of ten people’s eyes (two from each grade and two staff). Whoever matches the most correct eyes to the respective names will get a a drink from the vending machine, courtesy of Bird Eye News and Mr. Webber… Post your answers in the comments!

Eye Bank: Mr. Webber, Davey Breakey, Lydia Martin, Ms. Vickie, Juliet Harrison, Reese Litster, Sydney Chouinard, Davan Gilmore, Wyatt Moor, Morgan Moorse

  1.   EYE9

2.    EYE4

3.    EYE6

4.    EYE5

5.    EYE2

6.    EYE3

7.    EYE7

8.    EYE8

9.    EYE1

10. EYE

 

Opioid Epidemic… Story by Catherine Ross

An epidemic. That’s what it’s being called. Why is this? It is being called an epidemic because 100 Americans are dying everyday due to opioid overdose, which means within a span of one month, 3,000 Americans will die. What exactly is an opioid? It’s a drug, however it’s not an illegal one. It’s a prescription drug. This drug is prescribed by local doctors and hospitals across the United States due to the fact it’s a cheaper option for their patients. This drug is used as a painkiller, for things ranging from broken bones, to chronic illnesses or diseases which cause the patient pain.

Opioids give a similar effect to that of morphine, which means it’s really good for those who are constantly hurting. Or at least that’s what the public thought. In actuality, opioids are highly addictive drugs, which can cause patient after patient to overdose. The dosage of the addictive drug increased this year, which is why the death count is much higher than before.

Mapping Opioids... From 2015, this map shows how the opioids overdoses increased considerably (Photo by: CDC)
Mapping Opioids… From 2015, this map shows how the opioids overdoses increased considerably (Photo by: CDC)

In 2015, 33,091 people died due to opioid overdose. Now, the death count is said to be higher than ever, as reported by CNN and the Washington Post, although no details on the death count have been released.

The addiction is spreading like wildfire, causing popular pharmacies to limiting the prescription refills to one week. One of the biggest pharmacies in the U.S, CVS, put a restriction on opioid prescription refills. But is it really stopping the issue? According to an article by the New York Times, the opioids are causing fear and panic to blossom in everyone. Patients are beginning to refuse to purchase these drugs. The prices on the opioids are lowering, but more and more people are becoming scared and are either spending a large sum of money on hospital prescribed drugs, or are choosing nothing at all. So on top of the painful overdoses, people are beginning to prefer constant pain rather than risk becoming addicted.

But is the addiction really that addictive or is it just tailored towards the same type of people? The effects that all opioid drugs can have, causes people much pain and suffering. However, pharmaceutical opioid drugs aren’t the only ones becoming a problem now. Non-prescription opioids have been becoming popular since 2010.

Overflowing Opioids… Various pill forms of opioids that are prescribed to those with chronic pains. (Photo by: Healthline)
Overflowing Opioids…
Various pill forms of opioids that are prescribed to those with chronic pains. (Photo by: Healthline)

The Commission on Combating Drug Addiction and the Opioid Crisis made an announcement which compared the opioid epidemic to that of September 11th.“With approximately 142 Americans dying every day, America is enduring a death toll equal to September 11th every three weeks,” So what exactly is the United States doing to help this epidemic?

The president of the United States made a statement in August that it is considered a national emergency. The death toll is only climbing each day, which means more lives are lost and more families are destroyed. The problem is still at hand, and it’s only continuing to get worse. When will it stop? When will it no longer be an epidemic? Nobody can guarantee when the epidemic will cease to exist, but if it doesn’t get much more attention, it could very well wipe out far more people than it currently is.

If you or someone you know is currently taking opioids such as fentanyl, codeine, morphine, and opium and are experiencing symptoms of addiction, please don’t be afraid to contact this hotline. It’s important to get help as soon as possible as this addiction is extremely dangerous and more often than not, fatal. If you do find yourself or a loved one in a fatal situation due to opioid overdose, please call 911 immediately.

Opioid Hotline: 1-888-538-9831

 

Crowds Reaction to Las Vegas Shooting… Story by Aurora Reishus

On October 1st, 2017, tragedy befell upon a large crowd of people who were attending a country music concert in Las Vegas, Nevada. The tragedy that occurred was a shooting that lead to the deaths of 58 people and injuring close to 500. As sad as this tragedy is, it expresses more than what may be wrong with society; it also shows the altruistic side of people who did heroic actions in order to protect others over themselves.

When watching the news, the media is sure to talk about how tragic the Las Vegas shooting is and how many people died, but what they don’t realize is that through this tragic event there were people who put others before themselves and expressed the kinder side of humanity. In a situation like the Las Vegas shooting, everyone will react differently based upon the psychology of fight, flight, or freeze. The fight, flight, or freeze is the automatic response a person has to a traumatic or stressful event in their life. It’s hard to picture being in a situation where the next move may be the last one, but to actually be in that situation and keep the safety of others in mind is a feat not often expressed.

It’ll be okay… People group up in hopes of finding solace in a hiding place away from the shooting. Photo by: David Becker
Midst of Tragedy… People try to find solace in a hiding place away from the shooting. Photo by: David Becker

Mr. Paul Gunter, a staff member of FBCS, talked about a friend he has that was present at the Las Vegas shooting when it occurred. When Paul first heard about the shooting on the news, he was worried that it could have been at the venue where some of his friends from Los Angeles were playing. He later saw posts on social media of firsthand accounts and felt confounded. When he talked about how Angela* described the shooting to him, he said, “The way she talked about it was like it was somebody describing a movie plot; it seemed surreal. It seemed like something that wouldn’t actually happen to people in real life.”

Angela is a doctor in the Air Force, and she was attending the concert with a few of her friends who are also active members of the military. Paul describes what he had heard from Angela beginning with, “They were at the concert and heard some shooting. A couple of people next to them were actually shot, and they were getting people behind some of the concert barricades they use in front of the stage.” Paul also describes how they hid a few civilians under vehicles and anywhere else they could find to protect people from the barrage of bullets. Paul continues to recite the story by saying, “In the process [of hiding people] one of the people that was with their group got shot through the shoulder.” There was also a point in time when Angela and her friends were attempting to hide a few people behind a Jeep, but in the process one of the civilians was shot in the back and head multiple times.

Hitting close to home… The relation between Paul and his friend shows how the Las Vegas shooting has a wide spread effect on everyone. Photo by: Kai Eagley
Hitting close to home… The Las Vegas shooting had a wide spread effect on everyone. Photo by: Kai Eagley

Paul believes that Angela and the others in her group reacted differently than most people in this situation because they are in the Military and have served on tours. Paul also mentions that the woman who was shot in the shoulder had surgery and is doing better. He also says that Angela and her group have stayed in touch with some of the people they helped. Paul believes the civilians will be traumatized and suffer from PTSD for quite some time from seeing many people shot down before them.

The acts of heroism shown by Angela and her group of friends are just some of many altruistic acts that were shown by others during this dark time. Other accounts of heroism include Rob Ledbetter, a retired U.S. Army veteran, who tended to the wounded. There was also the account of Dr. Sonny Melton who died protecting his wife from the gunfire, as well as the accounts of Taylor Winston, a Marine veteran, who found a truck and drove at least 30 people to the hospital, Dawn-Marie Gray and her husband Kevin Gray who stayed behind and tended to the wounded, and Jonathan Smith who got shot in the neck while helping 30 people to safety. For all the acts of heroism that have been expressed, there has also been a dark side of human nature shown to the world. How could someone be capable of killing so many people?

Coming together… In the midst of a tragedy two people hold onto one another in hopes that the horrid scene will pass. Photo by: Drew Angerer
Coming together… In the midst of a tragedy two people hold onto one another. Photo by: Drew Angerer

Normally, one may blame society for the actions of this person or rather blame the person completely for the reason as to why they would be capable of such a disgusting deed, but to say, it is just one thing can never be correct for both of these options lie hand in hand.

The reason for why someone would be capable of creating a tragedy like this is due to a combination of society and that person as an individual. As far as the world knows, Stephen Paddock didn’t have a motive or clear reasoning for why he did this, but it happened and the fault for his actions lies both within himself and our society that promotes violence and therefore lays the foundation for these kinds of tragic events.

Even though the Las Vegas shooting is a tragedy that should not have happened, some light was shown that in great darkness there is still good in people. The tragedy of the Las Vegas shooting reveals society in a negative way and being riddled with problems that would lead to a person doing something so devastating; however, the fault is not just with society. The heroic deeds done by people like Angela and her friends made a significant difference during this dark time and saved many lives. Everyone is affected by an event such as this. As time goes on, hopefully our society and individuals will find the answers to our dilemma and make a tragedy like the Las Vegas shooting less likely to occur.

Differences with Hong Kong and China… Story by Alex Chow

Hong Kong is a southern metropolitan city of China. In the eyes of foreigners, people form Hong Kong are considered as Chinese, rarely Japanese or Korean. Hong Kong is an inseparable part of China indeed and thus people form Hong Kong are Chinese undoubtedly. Still, people from Hong Kong prefer to call themselves Hongkonger since there are plentiful differences between Hong Kong and China in terms of politics, culture, and economy. As a result, Hong Kong people have a distinct ethnic identity in compare of Chinese.

First and foremost, Hong Kong and China have entirely opposite political system. In mainland China, there is a one-party dictatorship, the powers of executive, legislative, judicial and the fourth estate are all under control of the Communist Party. Although political decisions have to be voted in the Standing Committee, all representatives are nothing but voting machines.

Two Systems... A passport in China needs to be checked in Hong Kong
Two Systems… A passport in China needs to be checked in Hong Kong

Everything is under the control of the president of the party, there are not genuine vote and election. In Hong Kong, people value democracy, rule of law and the separation of powers. Every require of funding and legislation must seek agreement from the legislative council so as to limit the power of the government.As such, there have been many pro-democracy protests recently in Hong Kong.

When it comes to the culture, Hong Kong inherits Chinese culture and is influenced by western culture deeply as Hong Kong was a colony of Britain till 1997. Even though Hong Kong was returned to China, Hong Kong is still being an international city. Hong Kong embraces all kind of cultures. For example, Hongkongers watch a vast number of American, Japanese, Korean and Chinese movies. Also, as a gourmet paradise, you can find food form different parts of the world in Hong Kong. Compared to Hong Kong, China is more xenophobic. They perceive America and Japan are evil empires. For instance, there was an enormous anti-Japan campaign in China, people ruined every Japanese product they can find.

Separate Currencies... Hong Kong and China have vastly different economies, and use separate money
Separate Currencies… Hong Kong and China have vastly different economies

Speaking of the economy. Hong Kong worships capitalism while China believes communism. Hong Kong has the freest economy system among the world but China has a strictly planed and regulated economy system. There is such a big comparison in the light of “one country, two systems” so Hong Kong is independent in terms of economy and politics. Additionally, Hong Kong has its own currency peg to the US dollar instead of using RMB. This is part of why Hong Kong is a large trading center, comparable to Wall Street—its service economy can serve large parts of the world remotely.

The two regions have distinct history, culture, and economies. Though both city and country have an important connection, the term “Chinese” cannot show all the features of Hong Kong. Hence, people in Hong Kong find themselves Hongkongers instead of Chinese.

Chinese Mathematics Stereotypes?… Story by Alex Chow

‘’Chinese students are geniuses in mathematics”—Is it a stereotype?

If there are Chinese students in your school, people will perceive they are geniuses in mathematics. This is the most trivial stereotype about Chinese, but does it hold any truth?

Here are the statistics: according to the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) which is a standardized test among the globe, when it comes to mathematics Chinese students are always in the top of the academic pile. There are up to 30 percent of students in Shanghai, Hong Kong, Singapore, and Taiwan that reached the highest level in math performance.

However, American students are in the bottom, as 25 percent of American students did not reach the PISA baseline for “level 2” in math proficiency. Comparatively only about 10 percent of students in countries such as Canada, Korea, Shanghai, and Singapore, failed to reach that benchmark. Also, there are only two percent of students in America that achieved the top performance.

Mapping IQ... The supposed average IQ of different countries is listed, with China's slightly above the US's. Photo By: Our World in Data.
Mapping IQ… The supposed average IQ of different countries is listed, with China’s slightly above the US’s. Photo By: Our World in Data.

First off, many Chinese have higher intelligence quotient (IQ) than their American counterparts. This is backed by the research of Richard Lynn, a British Professor of Psychology, and Tatu Vanhanen, a Finnish Professor of Political Science, who conducted IQ studies in more than 80 countries. Hong Kong’s citizens have the highest intelligence quotient among the world, at an average of 108, while the average in America is 98. IQ is another possible reason how the current stereotype on Chinese math skills came to be. However, there are known faults in this test, and while it can sometimes accurately gauge proficiency it is not definitive—acquired cultivation also plays a vital role in mathematics.

As you may know, China has a much higher education standard than America. The width and depth of the syllabus of mathematics in China is superior to America. In China, mathematics is a compulsory subject, students have mathematics class nearly every school day. Chinese students have longer time to learn and practice mathematics than American.’’ Practice makes perfect.’’ It may prove that Chinese is not genius, but are hard-workers.

Additionally, the competitive Chinese society boosts the academic results of students. In China, there is a famous saying ,” Knowledge can offer you a new leaf.’’ Chinese people believe that studying in a good college can push them into an upper social class. As a result, there are huge competition for colleges.

Rigorous Testing... National tests in China create a lot more competition than in the US. Photo By: ICEC.
Rigorous Testing… National tests in China create a lot more competition than in the US. Photo By: ICEC.

For example, there are only 18% of students in Hong Kong have a chance to study in colleges. China has the greatest Gini’s coefficient, education is the ladder for people getting rid of poverty. Thus, Chinese students study very hard. On the other hand, there are far less competition in America. There is not a vast gap between blue and white collar workers. Even if students cannot study in colleges, they could still have decent income. Hence, American students have smaller motivation to strike for excellence in academic.

Last , the mindset about studying. The Chinese have a growth mindset while America has a fixed mindset. Growth mindset is all about diligence—in general, Chinese students believe excellence can only be achieved by hard work instead of talent. If they aren’t doing well, they’ll work harder, and they’ll be successful. However, American students tend to believe in talent, if they don’t get a good result at the beginning, usually they will not try to put more effort to improve it as they think themselves are not good at it.

To conclude, Chinese students outperform American students in mathematics is not because they are geniuses, it is because of the work ethic behind the excellence.

 

Crisis in Catalonia… Story by Isaac Solly

On October 1st, the Spanish province Catalonia held an independence referendum that had been condoned by the Spanish government, and divided Catalan society. At hand was the question of whether or not the province should become an independent country, though the results were non-binding. Though 90% of voters supported independence, showing was particularly poor at only 43%. Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont is an ardent supporter of independence, and threatened to declare it within days. Up to now, however, there has not been any declaration.

Independence Rallies… There have been many rallies advocating for independence since the referendum. Photo By: Daily Express.
Independence Rallies… There have been many rallies advocating for independence since the referendum. Photo By: Daily Express.

On Election Day, over 900 voters were reported to have been injured by the Spanish police, who tried to seize voting stations and results. This was critical for two reasons—firstly, the Spanish government does not intend to let go of Catalonia, as it is one of their richest provinces. An article in the Spanish constitution outlines that secession of a Spanish province is illegal, and the government is acting on that mandate to try and stop the Catalan parliament.

Secondly, Catalonia is already semi-autonomous, and runs many of its public services separate from the Spanish government. It is not the only case of autonomy in Spain—other regions such as Basque Country in the north run with similar leeway. However, the Spanish government used its police in place of the Catalan police, and has also threatened to suspend the Catalan parliament.

Financing Secession… Catalonia, in the northeast of Spain, is a wealthy region and could probably survive economically. Photo By: BBC News.
Financing Secession… Catalonia, in the northeast of Spain, is a wealthy region and could probably survive economically. Photo By: BBC News.

To try and get some international support, Catalan leaders have looked out to the EU, but have not got much positive feedback. Both the EU parliament and individual countries such as France said they would not recognize a declaration of independence, and that Catalonia would not automatically be admitted to the EU should it secede (some leaders have condoned the use of violence, however).

Catalonia could probably finance independence, as it is a richer part of Spain, and has a fourth of Spain’s exports with a fifth of it’s population. Recently, Puigdemont has delayed any declaration of independence and said that he was open to negotiation with the Spanish government. This is probably because he has been humbled by Pro-Spain unity rallies in Barcelona over the weekend, further weakening his mandate to speak for all of Catalonia.